Approximately two weeks after the 1970 Soledad Prison incident where three Blacks were killed, Mills and his crime partner William Hackworth were arrested for robbing a Stewarts Point convenience store off Pacific Coastal Highway 1 that netted $775 dollars. Hackworth soon rolled on Mills who was sentenced to do five years in prison. Mills killed a Black inmate, Charles White, at San Quentin in 1970 allegedly because White had disrespected him during his prior prison stint at Soledad. SQ Prison authorities had placed White very near Mill’s cell.
In March of 2006, AB leaders Mills, TD Bingham, and Tommy Silverstein finally stood trial in a major RICO case. Prosecutors had hoped for the Death Penalty. Instead what they got was another Life Sentence on top of the “all day” time that they were already facing. Former ABs Kevin Roach, Brian Healy, Clifford Smith, Danny Weeks, and Glenn “Speedy” West all agreed to cooperate for the Prosecution testified against the AB. Long former AB shotcaller “Big Al” Benton was also called as a witness. Even though the AB have been hit with multiple RICO’s, they can still be dangerous on the street or in jail. There are many groups calling themselves AB in the U.S. but not all of them get along with each other.
He became a revolutionary in prison and wrote several books including “Soledad Brother–The Prison Letters of George Jackson” and “Blood in my Eye”. After Jackson’s books came out he had almost celebrity-like status. His visitors would often call him "Comrade George" as Marxist-Leninists often do.
The following is typical of what Jackson preached, “Settle your quarrels, come together, understand the reality of our situation, understand that fascism is already here, that people are already dying who could be saved, that generations more will die or live poor butchered half-lives if you fail to act. Do what must be done, discover your humanity and your love in revolution. Pass on the torch. Join us, give up your life for the people.”
Three days after the incident, Soledad Corrections Officer John Mills was hurled to his death from a tier. The Soledad Brothers, George Jackson, Fleeta Drumgo, and John Clutchette, were inmates accused of being accomplices by murdering C/O Mills in retaliation for the murder of the three black inmates killed earlier by prison staff. Jackson was transferred along with the Soledad Brothers to San Quentin’s-Adjustment Center (AC) in the Summer of ’70.
On August 7, 1970, Jackson’s younger brother Jonathan Jackson burst into the Marin County Courthouse in a bid to free several BGF inmates on trial and took hostages to exchange for his brother George. With court hostages in tow at gun point, Jonathan and the BGF inmates made their way to a rented yellow Hertz van. They were about to pull out of the parking lot when Marin County Officers and San Quentin guards opened fire. When the shooting stopped, Judge Harold Haley, Jonathan Jackson, inmates Christmas and McClain all lay dead in the van; inmate Ruchell “Cinque” McGee (A-92051) was unconscious and seriously wounded. After Jonathan and his fellow BGF member's failed escape attempt, George Jackson became enraged and sought revenge so he formed the “August 7th Movement”.
George Jackson was killed during a bloody escape attempt from San Quentin’s AC-High Security Unit in August of 1971 while he made a break for the prison gate with inmate Johnny Spain (B-8672) who later went on to became a college professor. Multiple staff and non-BGF inmates were also killed by Jackson and the BGF. Prior to his death, Jackson became bitter towards the Black Panther Party, in particular Huey Newton, for what he felt was lack of support and direct action. In spite of this friction, the Panthers held security at his funeral and buried him with honors as being a "Field Marshall" for them.
In California, the BGF are still a major security concern for authorities. They still commemorate the Jackson Brothers and the deaths of BGF like Jeff "Katari" Gaulden during "Black August Remembrance" (BAR). A major BGF symbol is a Black Dragon which symbolizes George Jackson surrounding a prison tower. Sometimes there is a Prison Guard being crushed in the dragon's claws.